Protect Yourself from Popular and Common Cyber Crimes

protect yourself Cyber Crimes


Nowadays, people not only use the internet and social media to share their views and opinions, but also do financial transactions and share sensitive information using the internet.

Unfortunately, with the advancement of technology and the internet, many such people also come out that can be dangerous for you. Every time is a chance for them to make their move when some tries to access the internet.

protect yourself Cyber Crimes

Perhaps, cybercrime has always been a threat for people who use the internet. According to statistics, in the future, cybercrime will cost the world $2 trillion, which is four times greater than the 2015 statistics.

Financial damages of cybercrime are just one side of the big picture. Cybercrime can also lead people to many other problems other than financial loss, such as physiological and emotional damage, property loss, and identity theft.

However, the prevention of cybercrime should be the foremost priority not only for the authorities and administrations, but also for organizations, individual internet users, and businesses.  To avoid such cases, you should have an idea about its types and ways to prevent them.

1. Privacy Invasion And Identity Theft:

Privacy invasion is a cyber-act in which the perpetrators stole the private information of users that they never planned to share with the public. It may include intruding into the private affairs of someone, sharing the private information of someone publicly, and publicizing anyone in a false light.

Identity theft refers to an act of stolen private information and data of a user and used by malicious people for various purposes, like spreading false news and information, criticizing other people, and making transactions under the name of the victim.

How to protect yourself? Most of the cases of privacy invasion and identity theft happen because of the easy accessibility of accounts. Always ensure the security of your private accounts. You should be alert while visiting such sites that may collect your information by sending malware into your device.

2. ATM/ Credit Cards Frauds:

ATM and credit card frauds are similar to identity theft that happens due to careless use. Usually, criminals use false websites to trick people into entering their credit cards or ATM details to give them some sweet deals commonly sold on their favorite items.

But actually, the Credit card and ATM details that are entered into the website relays to the criminals that may use them to make further purchases on other websites or to make transactions under the name of the victim.

How to protect yourself? Always being careful while using and entering your information at certain websites will help you to avoid Credit/ATM card frauds. The unrealistic product offers, or too much demand for information on some discounts may be signs of such fraud.

3. Hacking:

The term hacking refers to an act of getting uncertified access to social media accounts, data, and information devices by using different malware software that allows perpetrators to bypass standard user security checks.

It may be spreading false news from your account, sealing important information, or even destroying it.

4. Wire Transaction Fraud:

The other name of Wire fraud is a Nigerian Prince Fraud. In wire frauds, the malicious person sends an email saying that they are a part of a prince or princess in any other state (usually Nigeria as the name states) looking for a person to hold all their assets.

However, the perpetrator, before transferring assets, demands a small wire transaction as a technical requirement or token of faith to allow further transactions. Once you wire the money to them, the perpetrator will not be seen again.

How to protect yourself? Even though people have been using the internet for a long time, they also fall into this trick. The best way to prevent any such scam is to avoid money transfers and deal with strangers, especially with those that offer a large amount of cash.

Popular Ways to Protect Yourself from Cyber Crimes:

Unfortunately, common internet users will never be completely safe from the threat of hacking and other crime online frauds. Professional hackers can easily get over the target accounts with weak security in just a short time.

You can avoid this situation by making sure your device has all active protection features and is up-to-date for basic level security. You should contact private investigators or other cyber law authorities if you become a victim of cybercrime.

All internet users should practice some basic precautions to avoid hacking and other cybercrime. Here we are listing some important tips that will help you to protect yourself from cybercrime out there:

1. Use full-service internet security networks:

You should always use a full-service Internet security network. It will help to protect the loss of your financial and personal information by providing complete protection against already existing and emerging malware and viruses in your device when you go online.

2. Use strong passwords:

Make sure to don’t use the same password on multiple websites and keep changing your password regularly. Try to use unique yet complex passwords which are difficult to guess. For instance, use a combination of numbers, alphabets, and symbols up to at least ten characters.

3. Use updated software:

Usually, internet hackers use flaws and exploits in your software to get access to your data or device. The use of updated software makes you less prone to becoming the target of hacking or any other cybercrime.

4. Strengthen your home network:

You should first avoid hacking because it is the best way to start with strong encryption, passwords along with the use of private virtual internet networks. The use of VPN when you use public Wi-Fi networks in public places, libraries, hotels, airports, hospitals, etc., will also help to prevent loss of personal information.

5. Talk to your children about the internet:

Also, ensure to build a strong bond with children that they come straight to you when they experience any bullying, stalking, or harassment on the internet.

Final Verdict:

As technology advances, the ratio of cybercrime also increases at an alarming rate. Daily we read and hear lots of news about cybercrime which made us think that we should immediately stop using the internet. This situation may become more drastic.

Rather than stop using the internet, it is a good option to be able to recognize cybercrime. Knowledge about how you can protect yourself from cybercrime and know where to report when you find someone involved in cybercrime may also help.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQs:

Which way do police used to investigate cybercrime?

Once someone reports any complaint about cybercrime, the first step of law enforcement authorities is to reach out to the platforms where the hacking incident has happened. They track the internet protocol (IP) address of the hacker, and then police use this information to take forward the investigation process.

Who can investigate cybercrime?

According to Section 78 of the IT Act, “Despite Criminal Procedure Code 1973, any police officer below the rank of an inspector is not able to investigate any cybercrime offense under this Act”.

What is the most frequent kind of cybercrime?

According to the 2020 statistics of the United States ICCC, the most frequent kind of cybercrime was internet fraud and hacking, with 241,342 crime complaints. Moreover, 241,342 complaints were reported to IC3 for online identity theft.

What You Need to Know About Electronic Data Discovery

Invite on Your Wedding


Electronic data discovery is an investigative type in which information and data are located from digital devices with the intent of using them in legal proceedings. Somehow, it is similar in many ways with a computer forensic investigation.

Electronic Data Discovery

In a computer forensic investigation, the electronic evidence is reviewed and analyzed by professionals using a document review platform. It enables investigators to search through a large amount of electronically stored data and information faster and in an efficient way.

What is the Process of Electronic Data Discovery?

Electronic data discovery is a process that refers to the collection, soughing, and searching of electronic data for use in legal proceedings and criminal cases as evidence. It can be done offline on particular computers or with the help of proper network channels.

The hacking of government authorities and court-ordered for the collection of critical evidence also fall in the category of e- data discovery. Electronic data, are easy to handle in nature that makes it best suited for investigation. Also, electronic data is easily searchable.

On the other hand, paper documents, evidence is to be investigated manually. Moreover, digital data are difficult to destroy or remove completely. Even if it is deleted from your device, it can be easily recovered.

In reality, the only method to completely remove or destroy digital data is to physically destroy the computer, hard drive, or any other device where it was stored. The nature of digital data made it perfect evidence for use in litigation.

What Sort of Data Can Be Considered as Evidence?

In the electronic data discovery process, all sorts of digital data can be considered as evidence for any lawsuit. Digital data may include:

  • Text messages
  • Calendar files
  • Images
  • Audio Files
  • Spreadsheets
  • Videos and animations
  • Emails
  • Computer programs
  • Websites and their Cache memory
  • Database

All these kinds of data can serve as digital evidence in data discovery. The malware software and viruses like spyware and Trojan also can be investigated and secured in the electronic data recovery process.

Emails can serve as important evidence in many civil and criminal cases because people are less careful about the exchange of information and data through emails rather than in hard copy like letters, memos and reports, etc.

Techniques and Data Process of E-Discovery:

The techniques and process of electronic data discovery can be complex due to the large amount of electronic data that is produced and stored in digital devices. This made the process of data discovery more complex and needed different techniques to recover data from storage devices.

Moreover, other than hard copy documents, electronic data contain additional metadata such as file properties, information about the author and recipient, and date-time stamps. All sorts of metadata are also investigated with the file or document.

It is necessary to secure the original data, information and metadata to avoid data tampering and spoliation for later use in court. After the identification of data from both parties, the data is placed under a strict hold, which means no one can delete, modify or destroy data.

After indexing data into the database, it is analyzed to remove the non-relevant documents, files and emails. Then, it is placed under secure hold, only accessible by reviewers for legitimate use.

What types of electronic data are used during an investigation?

During the electronic data discovery and investigation process, all sorts of data are reviewed and analyzed for legal prosecution. It includes:

  • Emails
  • Audio files
  • Text messages
  • Image files
  • Spreadsheets and word processing files
  • Metadata
  • Database
  • Phone call log
  • Transaction history
  • CD-ROMs and flash drives
  • PDAs
  • Social media accounts detail
  • Software programs and web pages

Based on the scenario of investigation, the investigators may need to recover and restore lost data and information, track file changes, and locate files and data involved in cybercrime.

What happens during electronic data discovery investigations?

E-data discovery usually starts when an individual or professional approaches a private investigator and shows concern about misuse of data, information, or any other electronic information.

The investigator may direct the client to take some actions immediately, i.e., collects information or data related to files or shut down a specific computer or electronic device to prevent any further information loss.

After taking initial steps, the investigator may visit the sites, carefully examine the computer system and speak with other people. Usually, the electronic data discovery, investigation is concerned with specific computer and data files that may be used as evidence.

Data investigators develop a copy of the original hard drive and use a drive copy for further investigation proceeding instead of the original drive. The original computer drive is secured and stored in its original form for later use as evidence.

Based on the situation, the data investigator may use different techniques like surveillance, network investigation, data recovery techniques, computer and network investigation, and special software to collect the evidence and resolve the matter.

Why this is considered a struggle:

We all have a questions if electronic discovery is so important, then why do legal professionals struggle with it? The reason may be that it burdened many legal professionals and meant for them to perform such tasks about which they have no particular knowledge and experience.

Electronic discovery merges both legal and technical fields. A strong and effective electronic discovery system demands close collaboration between IT professionals and the legal team. It seems to be an odd combination.

Another reason is the language difference between both professionals. Which results in the communication gaps between both departments and ultimately as leading to frequent complaints among IT professional and legal advisors.

How to Check If You Need the eDiscovery Data Investigation?

It now becomes common that the ratio of cybercrime is increasing with the rise of technology. Thus, due to this reason, most companies yearly spend billions of dollars on cyber frauds and criminals for protection as well.

As a rule, an eDiscovery Data Investigation is the ideal approach to secure an organization or to discover proof of bad act that can prompt capture or indictment. Signs that there might be a major issue with your electronic information:

  • Unauthorized changes in some electronic records or information
  • Employees acting dubiously
  • The PC frameworks appear slower or appear to be influenced by hacking or infection.
  • Your organization is bafflingly losing cash with no paper trail to represent it.

In these circumstances, a certified electronic revelation expert can help you. Whether you essentially lose a particular record or framework, an eDiscovery expert can assist you with recuperating documents that have been lost or erased.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

1.     What is eDiscovery, and how is it being utilized?

Electronic discovery (otherwise called e-revelation, or eDiscovery) is a technique by which gatherings engaged with a lawful case protect, gather, audit, and trade data. Through this way, the investigators can get the data in electronic organizations to utilize it as proof.

2.     What is eDiscovery in medical services?

Electronic discovery is the advanced variant of the customary pre-preliminary cycle of a lawyer. In this, the restricting party turns over duplicates of archives in order to discover the significant proof.

3.     What are the popular and useful tools for ESI?

The ESI commonly refers to the data investigation under security terms. There are a lot of tools available, but the popular examples of ESI include:

  • Spreadsheets
  • Word processing files and documents
  • Email and videos
  • Data attachments
  • Call logs
  • Communication tools

How You Can Find a Perfect Divorce Attorney-Expert Guide

Perfect Divorce Attorney


Divorce is not an easy process and can be a difficult situation. After deciding on separation, finding the best divorce attorney can be a challenge. You can get help from a mediator to negotiate if your divorce’s terms about children and finance are not completely sorted out yet.

Perfect Divorce Attorney

The right divorce attorney represents his or her client in court, according to the best of his ability. Your emotions and feelings can become uncontrolled during this process, but don’t let them make your wrong decision about martial things that are not important for you.

Everything is up to you; make a clear decision about what you want and discuss it with your divorce attorney so that he can help you to make the right decision and negotiate all terms of the separation.

Tips to Follow While Selecting the Best Divorce Attorney:

Unfortunately, about half of marriages end up in divorce within a few years of marriage. According to researchers, about 40% of marriages end up in divorce in the first few years. The decision of separation can be based on many reasons.

However, what is the reason for your divorce? It is a good idea to hire a divorce attorney to handle and negotiate all terms of financial and other martial things. The following tips can resolve the issue of finding a perfect divorce attorney.

Understand What You Exactly Want:

The most important step is to know what you exactly want and need in the selection of a divorce attorney. Before hiring lawyers, always make sure the person or agency hired is specialized in the specific area in which you need help. A clear image of what you want can narrow down your search and make it easier to find the right divorce attorney for you.

Suppose you need help in the child custody case, so in that case, you should hire a family law attorney that understands your needs and manages your case in the best possible way. A clear understanding of what you exactly need will help you to select the right law attorney, according to your need to handle your case according to your needs.

Ask for Consultations:

It is a good idea to ask for a consultation before hiring a divorce attorney. This will provide you an opportunity to meet your divorce attorney in person and get the answer to all your questions about your case before making any final commitment. It is a good idea to get expert legal advice about your case before making any final decision.

In most cases, the lawyers do not provide legal advice, but give you a general idea about your case and what you should expect from it. Many lawyers have their legal trial records. If you are getting divorced, it is always a great idea to ask a divorce attorney about their previous trial record to check if he is suitable for you or not.

Set Practical Goals:

It is always difficult to predict what will happen in your case. So, in that case, it is important to set realistic, practical goals in your mind and make sure your divorce attorney’s action plan matches your goals so that he can help you to achieve your goals easily.

For example, some people want an equal division of finance, home, or assets or want to get child custody or share it with their spouse in divorce cases. In all these situations, it is important to know your goals clearly so that your divorce attorney can help you to reach your goals and negotiate terms in the best manner.

Get A Consultation from More Than One Attorney:

The selection of a divorce attorney depends on you. You can simply choose the first lawyer that finds, or you can do your best research to select the best divorce attorney for your case among all possible choices. It is a good idea to look at different divorce attorneys to select the best lawyer for you.

You need to:

  • Consult your family members, friends, or relatives if they know any good law attorney.
  • Discuss your needs and situation with your lawyer before hiring.
  • Ask your attorney for a trial record.
  • Select the best lawyer after consulting different attorneys who understand your situation in the best way.

If you want to hire someone who can navigate the divorce process in the right way, there is no need to hire someone, who has handled very few family law cases, or has no experience of being in front of family judges, even if such attorneys are cheap.

Do Research and Interview:

Before making any final decision about hiring a divorce attorney, you should interview and research them to get an idea about their experience and ability. Many divorce attorneys claim to be experienced in family law cases, but they don’t have any references that can attest to their claim.

To check their credibility and experience, you can interview them. You can ask questions about their previous family law cases experience, or have they handled any such situation before? Do they know their opponent’s lawyer? Etc. Many divorce attorneys have no idea how to handle legal processes and mediation in family law cases.

Make Final Selection:

A good lawyer understands your situation and needs and sets an action plan according to them. In many cases, divorce attorneys have previous experience of divorce cases similar to your situation. Select a divorce attorney that understands the needs of custody issues, mediation, divorce process, and child support.

Divorce is an emotional process. Selecting the wrong lawyer can make this situation worse. The right lawyer will understand your situation and set the divorce proceeding strategy according to it. A good divorce attorney has a good trial record, the best legal services, and expertise in making the right divorce strategy according to the situation.

Final Verdict:

Once you decide to end your marriage, the next step is to find a perfect divorce attorney to manage your case in the family law court. You can get a lot of information and suggestions from simple search and browsing on the internet. But all information that you find online is not always credible.

So, it can be a challenge for many people to select the right divorce attorney around them to handle their case according to their needs and goals. All these steps can help you to select the perfect divorce attorney for your divorce who can manage all your mediation and legal process according to your situation to the best of his or her abilities.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQs:

1. How can you suggest if the divorce attorney is good or bad?

There are multiple signs through which you can decide you hire the wrong divorce attorney. The three primary signs include:

  • The free arrangement which is not fully cleared
  • Low remarks of communication
  • Attitude is Unenthusiastic

2. How can you choose a divorce mediator?

Some recommendations are required while making a decision to hire a divorce attorney. It’s a good opportunity if you talk with the marriage therapist or counselor. The expert marriage mediator will suggest you focus on all basic inquiries as well.

3. Should you need to tell everything to your divorce lawyer?

We are all familiar with this assumption that full disclosure with any lawyer is not a good thing. However, when it comes to discussing marriage issues or divorce cases, then you need to always tell each and everything to your divorce lawyer.

What is in Electronic Surveillance? Review the Investigation Process

Electronic Surveillance


Electronic surveillance means the monitoring of a home, office, business, or person using different devices. Those people can use CCTV, digital cameras, video recorders, legal tape-recording, and other different digital, electronic, visual, and audio devices to watch anything.

Nowadays, electronic surveillance also means that the surveillance is done with the help of computers, mobile, and other devices. Such surveillance may include e-mail tracking, internet surveillance, and computer monitoring.

Why Choose Electronic Surveillance?

People can use electronic surveillance to monitor what is happening in and around their house, even when they are not there for the security of the home. People can use a combination of both audio and video surveillance to get a clear idea of what is exactly happening at a specific time and place. It can be used to track activity, behavior, and details of a specific place for managing, security, and control purposes.

Is Electronic Surveillance Legitimate?

In many states, the law clearly describes who can use electronic surveillance methods and which techniques they can use for surveillance. Electronic surveillance laws by states are strict because the information collected with it easily can be used to disturb someone’s privacy.

Because of this, it is important people never try to attempt electronic surveillance on their own. If any person is caught doing this, he may face a lawsuit against him, and the information that he collected by surveillance is completely unacceptable in court.

Kinds of Electronic Surveillance:

Although the trend of surveillance, investigation has been increasing for a few years, it is because of the expanded crimes in our society. There are three most common kinds of electronic surveillance.

  • Wiretapping includes the recording of telegraph messages and telephone calls by physically inserting the wiring. To carry out such a kind of surveillance, a person must tap into telephone and telegraph wire circuitry.
  • Video Surveillance is a kind of electronic surveillance which is accomplished by inserting hidden or visible cameras to collect visual recordings of a place. This recording can be tracked at the same time or later on tape.
  • Bugging is another kind of electronic surveillance that is carried out without inserting telephone wires. This is usually accomplished by placing a small microphone in a specific location to transfer the conversation to some person, receiver, or recorder.

Mobile Phone and Computer Surveillance:

Mobile phone and computer surveillance are also considered electronic surveillance. The information collected by mobile phone or computer can also help proceed with the investigation.

Mobile Phone Surveillance:

In this electronic era, the surveillance of mobile phones is becoming important to collect information and data about any person. With electronic surveillance of mobile phones, it is easy to locate the geographical location of an individual and find the future location of the someone. Nowadays, call records and text messages are being commonly used as evidence in court. For example, one can prove his partner cheating in court with unusual phone interaction with someone.

Computer Surveillance:

Computer surveillance can be used for tracking suspicious activities of an employee to malicious software. All businesses and people need to have complete knowledge of their computers. If they fail to monitor their computers, it can result in data loss, crashes, and information leakage. Computer surveillance can help business owners to reduce or eliminate computer security fears.

Who Can Use Electronic Surveillance and Why?

Intelligence agencies and police use various invasive methods for gathering information. Although, the purpose and ways of utilizing these methods may be different. Intelligence agencies use invasive techniques to monitor and find any threat to national security; prevent any terror and aggression activity within or outside of the country.

The definition of national security can be different for different countries according to their law. A common form of national security threat is the Cold War approach, which includes the threat of war by any foreign enemy country.  The other threats to national security may include terrorism, aggression, and increased criminal activities.

Electronic Surveillance by Intelligence Agencies for Security

Intelligence agencies work for the national security of the country. They make sure to prevent any activity and planning by enemies against their county. They have a complete legal framework of surveillance in their country by greatly focusing on mass surveillance. Usually, intelligence agencies are the main users of such surveillance techniques, which means that they collect a large amount of electronic information about hidden threats.

Intelligence agencies receive information records from telecommunication companies and apply for government mass filtering computer programs on it. Most of the data collected by intelligence agencies with mass surveillance techniques is about the time and geographical location of the communication. But this information does not contain the content of the communication. The collection of metadata by mass surveillance has raised many questions across the country about whether it is a violation of privacy or not.

Are You Under Electronic Surveillance?

If you are outside of your home, there are chances you are under some form of surveillance. Most businesses, companies, banks, and other places use electronic surveillance to monitor activities around them and to have digital proof in case of any law violation. In big cities, digital monitoring devices like cameras, video recorders, etc., are installed to monitor activities in public places.

When Do I Need Electronic Surveillance?

Electronic surveillance can be a great option if you want a good security system for your home, office, business, or other places. You can practically secure your office or home with the help of electronic surveillance. In case of any unlawful activity, having digital evidence in the form of video, a photograph can help you to win the case.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

What is meant by an electronic surveillance provider?

Electronic surveillance is a surveillance technique used to monitor homes, businesses, or some person with the help of electronic devices like CCTV, video recorders, etc. An electronic surveillance provider is a person or agency that provides an electronic surveillance facility.

How is physical surveillance different from electronic surveillance?

Physical surveillance is one of the oldest law enforcement surveillance techniques, which are accomplished by using physical means of surveillance. On the other hand, electronic surveillance is a modern technique that allows performing the same surveillance functions with the help of electronic devices. Electronic surveillance makes it easy to collect evidence for use in any case.

Is electronic surveillance an unlawful act?

Many states consider electronic surveillance an unlawful act, according to their lawsuit. If a person tries to perform electronic surveillance of a person or business on his own, he can face court inquiry. In some exceptional cases, it is allowed by law. It is legitimate or not depends on the law of the state or country in which you reside.

Who is allowed legally to do electronic surveillance?

The public prosecutor plays a great role in supervising the collection of evidence in an investigation. In many lawsuits, the public prosecutor is allowed to accomplish electronic surveillance to gather important evidence for investigation. But in the traditional law system, a public prosecutor is not allowed to issue arrest warrants of any individual. Intelligence agencies and police are also allowed legally to deal with every case.